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Viticulture

General Info Viticulture

Head of Laboratory: Assistant Professor Katerina Biniari

 

https://www.vitis-lab.aua.gr/

 

The Laboratory of Viticulture belongs to the Crop Science Department of the Agricultural University of Athens (AUA). Its main mission is to provide education and training in the topics of Viticulture and Ampelography at undergraduate and post- graduate levels. Its educational topics include structure of the vine (morphology and anatomy), grapevine propagation, vineyard establishment, principles of pruning, training and supports for vines, physiology and ecology of the vine, cultural methods and techniques in the vineyard. Moreover, its activities include research in topics such as clonal selection in Greek grapevine cultivars, ampelographic description and classification of Greek grapevine cultivars, identification and genetic study of Greek grapevine cultivars with the use of biochemical and molecular methods, improved grapevines by cell – and tissue- culture, comparative study of new training systems, grapevine nutrition, study of the effect of soil organic matter on the grapevine, as well as the study of the qualitative and quantitative characters of the grapes, berries and must (sugars, total and individual acids, total and individual phenolics, total and individual anthocyanins, antioxidant capacity, and others) of grapevine cultivars cultivated in Greece.

The team of the Laboratory of Viticulture has been involved in many national and international research projects with main research objects the genetic study of the most important Greek grapevine cultivars with the use of ampelographic and molecular methods, the effect of fertilization, irrigation and training and pruning systems on the physiology, ecophysiology of the grapevine, the grape yield of various grapevine cultivars under vineyard conditions, the dormancy of latent buds and others.

The Laboratory of Viticulture is fully equipped with the appropriate scientific equipment and instruments for the proper execution of the various experiments. This equipment includes: Genetic Analyzer (Applied Biosystems), PCR DNA thermal cycler, gel electrophoresis, HPLC and UV/VIS spectrophotometer for the determination of qualitative and quantitative characters of grapevine cultivars, UV transilliminator, centrifuges, incubator chamber, pH-meters, thermometers, refrigerators 4 °C, deep freezers -20°C and -80°C, water baths, ice machine, boilers for sterilization of artificial nutrient substrates, precision scales, plant growth chamber with controlled environment and adjustable temperature-light-humidity.

 

+30 2105294632
+30 2105294312
kbiniari@aua.gr
maritina@aua.gr
+30 2105294636
+30 null
desph@aua.gr
Course name Credits Undergrad/Postgrad Compulsory/Elective
Postgrad Elective
General Viticulture 5 Undergrad Compulsory
5 Undergrad Elective
Advanced Viticulture 5 Undergrad Compulsory
Viticulture II (Special Topics) 5 Undergrad Elective

Research Viticulture

Research Interests:

  • Implementation of clonal selection program for the most important Greek grapevine cultivars and evaluation of their viticultural products.
  • Ampelographic description and classification of Greek grapevine cultivars.
  • Application of biochemical and molecular methods for the identification and genetic study of the between and witihin grapevine cultivars genetic diversity.
  • In vitro culture techniques(micro-propagation, cell and tissue culture) in grapevine propagation and breeding.
  • Grapevine propagation. Study of the various treatments on cuttings' rhizogenesis.
  • Comparative study of new systems of vine training and evaluation of the viticultural products.
  • Study of the effect of viticultural techniques and treatments on the physiology of the grapevine and on viticultural products.
  • Evaluation of table grape cultivars. Effect of the various treatments on the qualitative and quantitative characters of the berries and grapes of table grape cultivars.
  • Study of the dormancy mechanism and the different viticultural techniques on the physiology of the grapevine.
  • Effect of rootstocks on the physiology of the grapevine and on the qualitative and quantitative characters of the berries and grapes.
  • Grapevine nutrition.
  • Study of the effects of soil organic matter on the grapevine.
  • Study of the effect of climate change on the physiology of the grapevine and on the qualitative and quantitative characters of the berries and grapes.
  • Study of the qualitative and quantitative characters of the berries, grapes and must of grapevine cultivars (sugars, total and individual acids, total and individual phenolics, total and individual anthocyanins, antioxidant capacity and others).

Projects of Viticulture Laboratory

  • Identification of the varietal potential of Naoussa and Santorini regions (ΕPΕΤ Ι, 1995)
  • Creation of basic material of grapevine cultivars that may be involved in the production of "Malvasia" wine (PAVΕT, 1999)
  • Identification of grapevine cultivars and clones of Macedonia, Thrace and Epirus (Leader, 2001)
  • Application of molecular markers in the identification and study of the maturation physiology of Greek grapevine cultivars -in vtiro and in vivo production of certified propagation material of wine grape cultivars and evaluation of wine products (EPET II, 2000-2001)
  • Ampelographic description and genetic study of indigenous grapevine cultivars of western Greece - Virological control and identification with the use of biotechnological methods - Enological evaluation - Production of healthy and identified propagation material (GSRT, EPAN, 2003)
  • Genetic study of the most important Greek grapevine cultivars with the use of ampelographic and molecular methods (Pythagoras ΙΙ, 2005-2007)
  • Study for the restoration of damages in the vineyards of fire-affected regions of the Peloponnese and Evia (2007-2008)
  • Effect of fertilization on the physiology and yield of grapevine cultivar Agiorgitiko under vineyard conditions (2008-2011)
  • Virtual Open Access Agriculture & Aquaculture Repository – VOA3R (IFP, PSP, 2010-2013)
  • Discrimination of grapevine varieties cultivated in Skyros island with the use of ampelographic methods (LIFE Program, 2014-2016)
  • BigDataGrapes: Big Data to Enable Global Disruption of the Grapevine-powered Industries (Horizon 2020, 2018-2020)
  • Essay on the effect of foliar applied TP T563 product on qualitative and quantitative characteristics of four varieties of wine grapes (2019-2020)
  • Flagship Action "The Roads of Vineyards Subproject I: "Genetic and Genomic Analysis" (National Public Investments Program, 2019-2021)

Publications of Laboratory of Viticulture

  • Stavrakaki, M., Bouza, D. and Biniari, K. (2020) Differentiation of Greek grapevine cultivars (Vitis vinifera L.) based on the combination of ampelographic description and microsatellite markers. Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution, 67(1): 21-40. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10722-019-00860-z
  • Biniari, K., Xenaki, M., Daskalakis, I., Rusjan, D., Bouza, D. and Stavrakaki, M. (2020) Screening of polyphenolic compounds and antioxidant properties of skin and seed extracts of berries from grape cultivars (Vitis vinifera L.) cultivated in Greece. Food Chemistry, 307: 125518. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2019.125518
  • Kypraiou, S., Stavrakaki, M., Bouza, D. and Biniari, K. (2019) Effect of various culture media on in vitro propagation of grapevine cultivars 'Giouroukiko' and 'Serifiotiko' (Vitis vinifera L.). Acta Horticulturae, 1242: 561-566. https://doi.org/10.17660/ActaHortic.2019.1242.82
  • Daskalakis, I., Biniari, K. and Bouza, D. (2019) Effect of indolebutyric acid (IBA) and cane position on rooting of rootstock's cuttings. Acta Horticulturae, 1242: 767-774 https://doi.org/10.17660/ActaHortic.2019.1242.114
  • Daskalakis, I. and Biniari, K. (2019) A new measurement model to estimate the intensity of acrotony on the latent buds of grapevine canes (Vitis vinifera L.). Notulae Botanicae Horti Agrobotanici, 47:(3),1001-1004 https://doi.org/10.15835/nbha4731145
  • Biniari, K. and Stavrakaki, M., (2019) Genetic study of native grapevine varieties of Northern, Western and Central Greece with the use of ampelographic and molecular methods. Notulae Botanicae Horti Agrobotanici, 47(1): 46-53. http://dx.doi.org/10.15835/nbha47111213
  • Petoumenou, D.G., Biniari, K., Xyrafis, E., Mavronasios, D., Daskalakis, I. and Palliotti, A. (2019) Effects of Natural Hail on the Growth, Physiological Characteristics, Yield, and Quality of Vitis vinifera L. Cv. Thompson seedless under Mediterranean growing conditions. Agronomy, 9(4): 197. https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy9040197
  • Stavrakaki, M., Biniari, K., Daskalakis, I. and Bouza, D. (2018) Polyphenol content and antioxidant capacity of the skin extracts of berries from seven biotypes of the Greek grapevine cultivar Korinthiaki Staphis (Vitis vinifera L.). Australian Journal of Crop Science, 12(12): 1927-1936, http://dx.doi.org/10.21475/ajcs.18.12.12.p1261
  • Anastasiou, E., Balafoutis, A., Darra, N., Psiroukis, V., Biniari, K., Xanthopoulos, G. and Fountas, S. (2018) Satellite and proximal sensing to estimate the yield and quality of table grapes. Agriculture, 8(7): 94, https://doi.org/10.3390/agriculture8070094
  • Biniari, K., Gerogiannis, O., Daskalakis, I., Bouza, D. and Stavrakaki, M. (2018) Study of Some Qualitative and Quantitative Characters of the Grapes of Indigenous Greek Grapevine Varieties (Vitis vinifera L.) using HPLC and Spectrophotometric Analyses. Notulae Botanicae Horti Agrobotanici, 46(1): 97-106, http://dx.doi.org/10.15835/nbha46611008
  • Daskalakis, I., Biniari, K., Bouza, D. and Stavrakaki, M. (2018) The effect that indolebutyric acid (IBA) and position of cane segment have on the rooting of cuttings from grapevine rootstocks and from Cabernet franc (Vitis vinifera L.) under conditions of a hydroponic culture system. Scientia Horticulturae, 227: 79-84, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scienta.2017.09.024
  • Stavrakaki, M. and Biniari, K. (2017) Study of the genetic variability of grapevine cultivar Liatiko (Vitis vinifera L.) using the ampelographic description and molecular method SSR. Vegetos, 30:3. http://dx.doi.org/10.5958/2229-4473.2017.00157.4
  • Stavrakaki, M. and Biniari, K. (2017) Ampelographic and genetic characterization of grapevine varieties (Vitis vinifera L.) of the ‘Mavroudia’ group cultivated in Greece. Notulae Botanicae Horti Agrobotanici, 45(2): 525-531. http://dx.doi.org/10.15835/nbha45210757
  • Stavrakaki, M. and Biniari, K. (2016) Genotyping and phenotyping of twenty old traditional Greek grapevine varieties (Vitis vinifera L.) from Eastern and Western Greece. Scientia Horticulturae, 209 (2016) 86-95, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scienta.2016.06.021
  • Stavrakaki, M. and Biniari, K. (2016) Genotyping and phenotyping of the potential clones, biotypes and variants of grapevine cultivar Korinthiaki Staphis (Vitis vinifera L.). Journal of Agricultural Sciences, (8)3, http://dx.doi.org/10.5539/jas.v8n3p127
  • Σταυρακάκης, Μ.Ν., Μπινιάρη, Κ.,  Σπινθηροπούλου, Χ. και Συμινής, Χ. (2003)  Γενετική μελέτη των τύπων και παραλλαγών της ποικιλίας αμπέλου Ντεμπίνα (Vitis vinifera L.) με τη χρήση μοριακών δεικτών. Αγροτική Έρευνα, 27: 73-80.
  • Stavrakakis, M.N., and Biniari, K. (1998) Genetic study of grape cultivars belonging to the muscat family by random amplified polymorhic DNA markers. Vitis, 37(3), 119-122.
  • Stavrakakis, M.N., Biniari, K. and Hatzopoulos, P. (1997) Identification and discrimination of eight Greek grape cultivars (Vitis vinifera L.) by Random Amplified Polymorphic DNA markers. Vitis, 36(4): 175-178.