Course: Environmental Management and Protection

Konstantinos Saitanis
Gerasimos Arapis

General concepts of biotic and abiotic environment. Perturbed biotic and abiotic environment of natural, semi-natural and anthropogenic ecosystems (e.g. soil erosion, desertification, causes and consequences, with emphasis on the effects on agriculture). Pollution of air, soil, ground water and sea. Forms of pollution (air, particulate, organic compounds, thermal pollution, noise pollution, contamination with radionuclides). Effects of pollution on the biotic and abiotic environment. Effects of air pollution on crops and agricultural and natural ecosystems - economic consequences. Assessment of phytotoxicity of pollutants. Environmental impacts of natural phenomena (e.g. volcanoes) and human activities (agriculture, urbanization, industrial activities, quarrying and mining, oil, large projects, etc.). Monitoring and assessment of disorders, and stress changes at the species, community and ecosystem level. Applications of plants as  bioindicators and biomonitors. Global environmental changes. Principles and methods of environmental management. Management and Restoration of altered or damaged natural and semi natural ecosystems. Bioremediation – phytoremediation of disturbed ecosystems (the use of plants to clean up and restore disturbed areas). Protected Natural Areas (National Parks, Wetlands, etc.). Environmental Impact Studies - Principles of Sustainable Development. Globalization and sustainable development. National and International Lows and Directives for the management and protection of "classified" and protected natural and semi natural areas.